There are several payment options if you owe federal tax.

  • Never send cash. Electronic payment options are the quickest and easiest way to pay your tax.
  • Check out IRS Direct Pay to pay directly from your bank account.

Access Direct Pay on IRS.gov. It’s secure and free. You will get instant confirmation that you have submitted your payment.

  • Pay your taxes electronically 24/7 on IRS.gov. the ‘Payments’ tab near the top left of the home page for details.
  • Pay in a single step by using your tax software when you e-file.

If you use a tax preparer, ask the preparer to make your tax payment electronically.

  • Pay with a credit or debit card. The company that processes your payment will charge a processing fee.
  • You may be able to deduct the credit or debit card processing fee on next year’s return.

You can claim it on Schedule A, Itemized Deductions.

  • Enroll in the Electronic Federal Tax Payment System. You can use EFTPS to pay your federal taxes electronically.

You have a choice to pay using the Internet, or by phone using the EFTPS Voice Response System.

  • If you can’t pay electronically, you can still pay by a personal or cashier’s check or money order.

-Make it payable to the “U.S. Treasury.”

-Be sure to write your name, address and daytime phone number on the front of your payment.

-Write the tax year, form number you are filing and your Social Security number.

-Use the SSN shown first if it’s a joint return.

  • If you pay by paper check, complete Form 1040-V, Payment Voucher. Mail it with your tax return and payment to the IRS.

Ensure you send them to the address listed on the back of Form 1040-V, get the form on IRS.gov/forms at any time.

  • Remember to include your payment with your tax return but do not staple or clip it to any tax form.

Even if you can’t pay your tax in full, the IRS urges you to file your tax return on time.You should pay as much as you can when you file to keep your penalty and interest costs down.

You have options such as an installment agreement, which allows you to pay the balance over time. The Online Payment Agreement tool on IRS.gov is the easy way to apply.
Filing for an Extension

If you’re not ready to file by April 15, you can get an automatic six-month extension. You can e-file your extension request for free using IRS Free File. You may also file using Form 4868, Application for Automatic Extension of Time To File U.S. Individual Income Tax Return.

Make sure to e-file or mail the form and pay an estimate of any tax due by April 15. You can get the form at IRS.gov/forms anytime.

There are three ways to request an automatic extension of time to file your U.S. individual income tax return. The request for extension of time to file must be made by the regular due date of your return to avoid the penalty for filing late.

 

An extension of time to file is not an extension of time to pay.

  • E-file Form 4868 (PDF), Application For Automatic Extension of Time To File U.S. Individual Tax Return, using your personal computer or through a tax professional.
  • File a paper Form 4868 and enclose payment of your estimate of tax due.

 

If you file the Form 4868 electronically, be sure to have a copy of your prior year’s return; – you will be asked to provide your prior year’s adjusted gross income (AGI) amount for verification purposes.

Once you file, you will receive an electronic acknowledgement that the IRS has accepted your filing. Keep this for your records. You should refer to your tax software or tax professional for ways to file and pay electronically using e-file services.

Several companies offer free filing of Form 4868 through the Free File program that you can access on IRS.gov.

You are allowed two extra months (generally, until June 15) to file your return and pay any tax due without requesting an extension if you are a U.S. citizen or resident alien and on the regular due date of your return, you are either:

  • Living outside of the United States and Puerto Rico.
  • Your main place of business or post of duty is outside of the United States and Puerto Rico.
  • Are in military or naval service on duty outside of the United States and Puerto Rico.

For additional information, refer to Publication 54, Tax Guide for U.S. Citizens and Resident Aliens Abroad. If you use this automatic 2-month extension, you must attach a statement to your return explaining which of the two situations qualify you for the extension. You will still have to pay interest on any tax not paid by the regular due date of your return. If you need the additional 4 months, file Form 4868 (PDF) and be sure to check the box on line 8 to indicate that you need an additional 4 months to file your return. The additional 4 month period is not an extension of time to pay.

 

 


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